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CONWAY SC HISTORY & DEMOGRAPHICS

Conway is one of the oldest towns in South Carolina. Early English colonists named the village "Kings Town" but soon changed it to "Kingston". The town was founded in 1732 as part of Royal Governor Robert Johnson's Township Scheme. It was laid out on a bluff overlooking the Waccamaw River in what is now known as Horry County.

Many area residents fought in the American Revolution, and small engagements were fought near Kingston at Bear Bluff and at Black Lake. Francis Marion, who was known as the "Swamp Fox", had an encampment near Kingston just across the Waccamaw River. The areas of Kingston and Charles Town, S.C. were communities with a higher population of Tories than many other Colonial American towns during the revolutionary war era. A Tory was a colonist who supported the government during that period.

After the war, patriotic citizens wanted to discard the name that honored Great Britain's King George II. The county's name was changed to Horry (pronounced "oh-ree") in honor of General Peter Horry in 1801, and a courthouse was established in Kingston. "Kingston" was later changed to "Conwayborough", for General Robert Conway. In 1883, the General Assembly changed the name to "Conway".

Conway is situated on the South Carolina Coastal Plain on the western banks of the Waccamaw River, and is approximately 14 miles (23 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. U.S. Route 701 passes through the city center, leading northeast 44 miles (71 km) to Whiteville, North Carolina, and southwest 36 miles (58 km) to Georgetown. U.S. Route 501 runs through the southwest side of Conway, leading southeast 14 miles (23 km) to Myrtle Beach and northwest 33 miles (53 km) to Marion. U.S. Route 378 has its eastern terminus in Conway and leads west 46 miles (74 km) to Lake City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.0 km2), of which 21.9 square miles (56.8 km2) are land and 0.85 square miles (2.2 km2), or 3.69%, are water. The downtown is sited on the west bank of the Waccamaw River where it is joined by a creek called Kingston Lake. The Waccamaw flows south to the Pee Dee River and ultimately Winyah Bay at Georgetown.

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,788 people, 4,259 households, and 2,942 families residing in the city and estimated at 25,956 people in 2019. The population density was 927.8 people per square mile (358.1/km2). There were 4,783 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile (145.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.82% White, 41.85% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.

There were 4,259 households, out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 23.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,155, and the median income for a family was $39,189. Males had a median income of $26,720 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,611. About 15.9% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over. (above taken from Wikipedia)

LATEST DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Population

Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 25,956
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 17,414
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 49.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 17,103
Age and Sex Persons under 5 years, percent 5.1%
Persons under 18 years, percent 18.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent 16.9%
Female persons, percent 52.9%
Race and Hispanic Origin White alone, percent 61.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a) 36.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a) 0.1%
Asian alone, percent(a) 0.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a) 0.0%
Two or More Races, percent 1.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b) 2.7% White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent 59.9%

Population Characteristics

Veterans, 2015-2019 1,732
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 2.5%

Housing

Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 65.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $155,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,122
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $379
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $825
Building permits, 2019 X

Families & Living Arrangements

Households, 2015-2019 7,921
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.61
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 78.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 2.8%

Computer and Internet Use

Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 89.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 81.6%

Education

High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 89.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 21.6%

Health

With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 10.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.9%

Economy

In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 55.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 54.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 62,747
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 261,434
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 97,544
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 103,567
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 554,972
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $29,697

Transportation

Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 22.8

Income & Poverty

Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $42,508
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $21,059
Persons in poverty, percent 19.7%

Businesses Businesses

Total employer establishments, 2018 unknown
Total employment, 2018 unknown
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) unknown
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 unknown
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 unknown
All firms, 2012 1,861
Men-owned firms, 2012 920
Women-owned firms, 2012 616
Minority-owned firms, 2012 417
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 1,320
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 251
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 1,434

Geography

Population per square mile, 2010 779.5
Land area in square miles, 2010 21.94
FIPS Code


(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
X: Not applicable
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
F: Fewer than 25 firms

Source U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts. Data derived from Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, County Business Patterns, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits, Census of Governments
Last Revised: July 1st, 2019
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